Gota Patti or gota work is a type of Indian embroidery that originated in Rajasthan, India. It uses the applique technique. Small pieces of zari ribbon are applied onto the fabric with the edges sewn down to create elaborate patterns. Gota embroidery is used extensively in South Asian weddings and formal clothes
More About Gota Patti
Gota is a gold or silver ribbon and lace from Lucknow. Various other colored ribbons of varying width, woven in a satin or twill weave may also be referred to as gota. It is used along with kinari work. The dresses with gota work are used for special occasions or religious occasions. Gota Patti is crafted using an appliqué technique with a strip of gold or silver or various other colored ribbons of different widths woven in a satin or twill weave. It involves placing woven gold cloth onto fabrics such as georgette or bandhani to create different surface textures.
Originally real gold and silver metals were used to embroider, but these were eventually replaced by copper-coated with silver as the genuine way of making it was very expensive. Nowadays there are even more inexpensive options available. The copper has been replaced by the polyester film which is further metalized and coated to suit requirements. This is known as plastic gota and is highly durable as it has good resistance to moisture and does not tarnish as opposed to metal-based gota.
The process is lengthy and time-consuming. The first step is to trace the design on the fabric. This is done by placing a tracing paper with the design on it on the fabric and spreading a paste of chalk powder over it. Depending on the design, the gota is cut and folded into various shapes. It is then appliquéd by hemming or back-stitching it on the fabric.
Attractive patterns are specific to the region, and each motif has its own distinguishing name. The motifs are usually inspired by nature and may consist of flowers, leaves, and birds or animals such as peacocks, parrots, and elephants.
Gota Patti creates a rich and heavy look but is light to wear.
In Rajasthan, outfits with gota work are worn at auspicious functions. It is generally done on dupattas, turban edges, and ghagras.
India, the country has fine heritage of culture, tradition, art, music, literature and does exhibit “Unity in Diversity” – through variegated charms of festivals, rituals, art, music, costume and languages.
Indians are world-famous for their magnificent workmanship and produce the most beautiful handspun and handwoven textiles, yet preserved and exhibited in many of the known Indian as well as western museums.
The origin of Indian textiles can be traced to the Indus valley civilization. The art of embroidery is clearly of Eastern origin and is of such ancient lineage that our knowledge of it stretches into pre-historic ages. The needlework tradition dates back to 2300 BC to 1500 BC and has been richly inherited by various regions, each having a special style and an individual inspiration. With the discovery of bronze needles at the site of Mohenjo-Daro (2500 BC to 1700 BC), it is evident that there was knowledge of needlecraft even so long ago.
Indian folk art and embroidery play an important role in creating many new designs. Moving to north India, embroidery is most prominently practiced by women. Mirror work over multicolored thread embroidery is the contribution of western India. Indian embroidery and artistry have always been seducing people from different comers of the world, with its colors, individualities, and ability to keep the gazers awestruck at the skill which has come down from one generation to the other without a loosening of the cords of tradition. India has long been known for its golden thread, zari, and its various products.
“The jewel in the crown” Rajasthan, brings everything at its most beautiful. Perhaps no other region of India is so thrilling, so colorful and so possesses more the traditional and picturesque.
Gota work is the famous embroidery of the Shekhawati region of Rajasthan, mainly done at Jaipur, Ajmer, and Khandela. The craft is passed from one generation to another.
The main source of income for the women comes from this craft. All community women like Jains, Baniyas, and Rajputs are involved in the craft but religion-wise predominately Muslims are involved, the ratio being Muslim 75 percent and Hindus 25 percent. An interesting caste dimension of the craft is that the Rajput women do gota patti work and Muslim women do aari-Tari and kashidakari but to their bad luck all are uneducated.
Gota Patti is a strip of gold or silver or various other colored ribbons of varying width, woven in a satin or twill weave. There are two styles folk and classic.
It is worked with the appliqué technique using running, back, hem, or couching stitch on fabrics like georgette, chiffon, tussar silk, crepe, bandhani, cotton, viole, etc, and the various colors are red, orange, pink, maroon, and yellow.
Motifs comprised of peacock, sparrow, paisley, floral, geometrical, human figure, palanquin, elephant, and horse.
These designs are organized into buta, buties, border, and jal.
The various products made are salwar kurta, lehenga, short Kurtis, topper, skirts, cholis, ghagras, odhini’s, saris, rakhi, turbans, torans, cushion cover, mobile cover, and jhooties. Buy your saree today